Sparrow. Sparrow is the name given to several different species of birds in the Bible. They ate grain and insects and gathered in noisy flocks. The psalmist wrote, “I… am like a sparrow alone on the housetop” (Ps. 102:7). These tiny birds were such social creatures that a lone sparrow was the symbol of deep loneliness.
Sparrows build their untidy nests in the eaves of houses. Sparrows were not driven away when they built their nests in the Temple (Ps. 84:3).
In Jesus’ time sparrows sold for a very low price– two for a copper coin, five for two copper coins (Matt. 10:29; Luke 12:6). Perhaps this was the Temple price, for they were considered a poor man’s sacrifice. Those who could not afford to sacrifice a sheep or a goat might bring a sparrow. Moses once directed healed lepers to bring two sparrows to the Temple for a cleansing ceremony (Lev. 14:1-7).
Sometimes it seems that only God cares for sparrows. Cats, hawks, and naughty boys prey upon them. People complain about how they multiply, considering them pests. Yet, Jesus declared, “Not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will” (Matt. 10:29). We may not esteem the little sparrow, but the Son of God used it to illustrate our Heavenly Father’s watchful care: “You are of more value than many sparrows” (Matt. 10:31; Luke 12:7).