Fowl. Most people assume that hens and roosters (cocks) were common in Palestine, but they are rarely mentioned in the Bible. Domestic chickens probably descended from the red jungle fowl of Asia. Cocks were bred for the ancient sport of cock-fighting before hens were raised for meat and eggs.
The crowing of cocks served the ancient world as an alarm clock. Cocks crowed about midnight and again about 3 A. M. Soldiers often rotated their guard duty at this regular signal. Jesus predicted that Peter would deny Him three times before the cock crowed (Matt. 26:34; Mark 14:30; Luke 22:34; John 13:38).
Wild or tame, chickens gather in flocks. Jesus must have been familiar with this flocking instinct. He spoke of a mother hen that tucks a whole brood of chicks under her wings for safety (Matt. 23:37; Luke 13:34).
The “fatted fowl” provided for King Solomon (1 Kin. 4:23) may have been geese. Ancient carvings from Megiddo show peasant women carrying fat geese. Geese also appear in Egyptian tomb paintings.