Fox. Foxes were common predators in Bible times. Since they fed on small rodents like rats and mice, they helped to protect the grain crops. But their fondness for grapes caused farmers much grief. Sometimes they even tunneled under protective walls to feast on grapevines (Song 2:15). Foxes also settle in holes and burrows, often those abandoned by other animals. Jesus pointed out that foxes have holes, but the Son of Man had nowhere to lay His head (Matt. 8:20).
Foxes have a keen sense of sight, smell, and hearing. They are also clever enough to lie in wait for prey. They may even play dead to attract a bird within striking range. When hunted, they are cunning and devious, misleading their pursuers. Jesus compared Herod, the Roman tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, to a fox, because of his crafty, devious nature (Luke 13:32).
Fisher Owl (see Cormorant). Owls are predators that hunt at night.
Flea. Fleas flourished in the sand and dust of the Holy Land. Classified as parasites, these tiny insects attach themselves to a body and suck blood from their host. Fleas have no wings, but they do have strong legs and can jump several inches at one leap. The flea that lives on man is tiny, but it can be very irritating. David described himself as a mere flea being pursued by a king (1 Sam. 24:14; 26:20). He may have seemed insignificant, but he irritated King Saul.
Fowl are birds or small animals that fly through the air. They distinction from land only animals is their perspective from the air.
Fowl. Most people assume that hens and roosters (cocks) were common in Palestine, but they are rarely mentioned in the Bible. Domestic chickens probably descended from the red jungle fowl of Asia. Cocks were bred for the ancient sport of cock-fighting before hens were raised for meat and eggs.
Falcon. In some translations of the Bible the falcon appears in the lists of unclean birds (Lev. 11:14; Deut. 14:13), (NKJV). As a bird of prey, it is often grouped with hawks. But a falcon is not a true hawk. The sport of hunting with trained falcons originated in ancient Persia. Great numbers of falcons are still seen in Palestine, as they surely were in Bible times (Job 28:7).
Fallow Deer (see Deer).
Father is a definition of the use of this word in the Bible and its references and meanings to it. Fathers imply a relationship to a son.
David Cox’s Topical Bible Concordance
• General references
Exo. 23:1, 7; Lev. 19:16; Psa. 41:5-9; Mat. 5:11; Luk. 3:14; 2Ti. 3:3; 1Pe. 4:14 Conspiracy; Evidence; False Witness; Persecution; Speaking, Evil; Talebearer
• Incidents illustrative of false accusation:
– Against Joseph by Potiphar’s wife
– Against Joseph’s brethren by Joseph
– Against Moses by Korah
Num. 16:3, 13.
– Against the prophet Ahimelech by Saul
– Against Abner by Joab
– Against David by the princes of Ammon
– Against Elijah by Ahab
– Against Naboth by Jezebel
1Ki. 21:10, 13.
– Against Jews, returned under Ezra
Ezr. 4:6-16; Neh. 6:6-8.
– Against Jeremiah
Jer. 26:8, 11; 37:13-14; 43:2-3.
– Against Amos
– Against Mary
– Against Jesus
Mat. 9:34; 10:25; 12:2-14; 26:59-61; Mar. 3:22; 14:53-65; Luk. 23:2; Joh. 18:30.
– Against Stephen
Act. 6:11, 13.
– Against Paul
Act. 17:7; 21:28; 24:5-6, 13; 25:2, 7; Rom. 3:8.
– Against Paul and Silas
– Satan falsely accuses Job
Job 1:9-10; 2:4-5.
The “flies” of the Bible included the common housefly, as well as other two-winged insects. Many of these were biting insects. This explains the “devouring” flies of (Psalm 78:45). The flies visited as a plague upon the Egyptians probably included the housefly and the stinging sand fly, as well as gnats and mosquitoes.
The prophet Isaiah’s reference to the “fly that is in the farthest part of the rivers of Egypt” (Isa 7:18) may have been a symbol of swarms of Egyptian soldiers. Or, he could have had in mind the dreaded tsetse fly of Africa, which spreads sleeping sickness. Still another possibility is the olive fly, which could ruin a crop of ripe olives.
Solomon’s “fly in the ointment” (Eccl. 10:1) has become a proverb. So also has Jesus’ “straining out a gnat”– which referred to the custom of straining wine to take out the impurities before it was served (Matt. 23:24).