Oryx is a genus consisting of four large antelope species. Three of them are native to arid parts of Africa, and the fourth to the Arabian Peninsula. Their fur is pale with contrasting dark markings in the face and on the legs, and their long horns are almost straight. The exception is the scimitar oryx, which lacks dark markings on the legs, only has faint dark markings on the head, has an ochreneck, and horns that are clearly decurved.
The Arabian oryx_ was only saved from extinction through a captive breeding program and reintroduction to the wild. The scimitar oryx_, which is now listed as Extinct in the Wild, also relies on a captive breeding program for its survival. Small populations of several oryx_ species, such as the Scimitar Oryx, exist in Texas and New Mexico (USA) in wild game ranches. Gemsboks were released at the White Sands Missile Range and have become an invasive species of concern at the adjacent White Sands National Monument.
Oryx (see Antelope).