Fowl are birds or small animals that fly through the air. They distinction from land only animals is their perspective from the air.
Fowl. Most people assume that hens and roosters (cocks) were common in Palestine, but they are rarely mentioned in the Bible. Domestic chickens probably descended from the red jungle fowl of Asia. Cocks were bred for the ancient sport of cock-fighting before hens were raised for meat and eggs.
Falcon. In some translations of the Bible the falcon appears in the lists of unclean birds (Lev. 11:14; Deut. 14:13), (NKJV). As a bird of prey, it is often grouped with hawks. But a falcon is not a true hawk. The sport of hunting with trained falcons originated in ancient Persia. Great numbers of falcons are still seen in Palestine, as they surely were in Bible times (Job 28:7).
Eagle. Eagles are included among the unclean birds mentioned in the Bible (Lev. 11:13), (NKJV), but they were admired as majestic birds. The golden eagle, which is really dark brown with sprinkles of gold, has a 26-meter (8-feet) wingspread. It nests in high places that are inaccessible (Jer. 49:16). There, in a nest which the eagle makes larger each year, the eagle hatches two eggs. Usually only one eaglet survives to adulthood.
An eagle has keen eyesight. He can spot his prey while soaring hundreds of feet in the air. Like a lightning bolt, he drops to seize it, killing it quickly with his powerful claws. Then he swoops back to his nest to rip the meat apart and share it with his young.
A mother eagle carries her eaglet on her back until it masters the art of flying. Moses used this familiar picture from nature to describe God’s care for His people. God stirred up Jacob (the nation of Israel), and carried His people on His wings (Deut. 32:11-12) as He delivered them from slavery in Egypt.
Solomon marveled at “the way of an eagle in the air” (Prov. 30:19). An eagle can stay aloft for hours, rarely moving his wings and riding wind currents. But many passages in the Bible also speak of the swiftness of the eagle’s flight (Deut. 28:49).
The belief that an eagle renews its strength and youthful appearance after shedding its feathers gave rise to (Psalm 103:5) and (Isaiah 40:31). Eagles do have a long life-span, living 20 to 30 years in the wild, and longer in captivity.
In the Old Testament, prophets spoke of the eagle as a symbol of God’s judgment (Jer. 48:40; Ezek. 17:3,7). In (Revelation 12:14), “two wings of a great eagle” portray God’s intervention to deliver His people from persecution.
Beetle. Beetles fly, but they do not leap (Lev. 11:21).
Crickets, which are related to locusts, both fly and leap. Some scholars contend that katydid, or locusts, are more likely the correct translations of this one biblical reference to beetles or crickets.
Beetle, given by A.V. (Leviticus 11:22) as an equivalent for Hebrew, árbéh, does not meet the requirements of the context: “Hath the legs behind longer wherewith it hoppeth upon the earth”, any more than the bruchus of D.V., some species of locust, the locusta migratoria being very likely intended.
Elephant. No elephants lived in Palestine. But they were native to the neighboring continents of Africa and Asia. Wealthy Jews sometimes imported the ivory which came from their great tusks. King Solomon “made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold” (1 Kin. 10:18). And King Ahab built an “ivory house” (1 Kin. 22:39).