The prophets Isaiah and Zephaniah mention a wild creature that lived in desolate ruined places (Is. 14:23; 34:11; Zeph. 2:14). The KJV calls it a bittern, but the RSV translates the animal as hedgehog or porcupine (bustard, NEB). Palestine does have porcupines, even today. They are small animals with sharp needles all over their backs. When in danger, the porcupine rolls up into a prickly ball.

Source: [Anon-Animals]

Rock Badger

Rock Badger.

The rock badger or rock hyrax is a rabbit-sized furry animal. With short ears, sharp teeth, and black-button eyes, it resembles an overgrown guinea pig (Lev. 11:5); (coney, KJV, NIV).

“The rock badgers are a feeble folk, yet they make their homes in the crags,” says (Proverbs 30:26), holding them up as little things that are “exceedingly wise.” Feeble, or defenseless they may be, but they find safety in steep, rocky terrain. Their feet have a suction-like grip that enables them to scamper among rocky outcroppings. Their enemies easily overlook a rock badger stretched out motionless on a sun-warmed rock.

Source: [Anon-Animals]


Hare. Hares were plentiful in Palestine, but they are mentioned in the Bible only as forbidden food (Lev. 11:6); (rabbit, NIV, NASB). They look like large rabbits with longer ears and legs. The common jackrabbit is actually a hare. Unlike rabbits, hares are born furry and able to see. Hares were mistakenly thought to chew the cud, but they were considered unclean because they did not have divided hoofs (Lev. 11:6; Deut. 14:7). Perhaps they were forbidden because they are rodents, but the Hebrews’ Arab neighbors did not hesitate to hunt them for food.

Source: [Anon-Animals]